Tag Archives: Cryptanalysis



In my opinion, today is a magical date: 4/8/16 (dd-mm-yy; as I write on my notebook). So let me tell you what I think about “mathematics” and “magic”. I believe that magic is an art of concealing facts leading to astonishing results. Magic trick is interesting from perspective of both observer and performer. Performer gets satisfaction of being able to fool observer (by making him/her believe that he/she can’t do it), and on the other hand observer gets satisfaction of being able of witness an act which he/she can’t perform (a quality of appreciation is expected).

Now, as many of you have observed, mathematics (or nature in general) is very much magical in the same sense. Only experts (algebraist/number theorists…) can “understand” the rules (called theorems) behind the actions (called computations) they ask you to perform (which amaze you). So, in general, whenever you are using a result (for example, an integer has unique factorization into prime numbers) without “knowing” the proof, you are performing “mathemagic” for yourself. When you take magic out of mathematics, you get what mathematicians called rigour.

I believe that the most important rule for performing a magic trick is to never reveal the secret rule (though the audience is free to conjecture and prove the possible secret rule). This is very much different from first rule of cryptanalysis, since while doing cryptanalysis you “must” know the algorithm/rule used to encipher the message and task is to find the key to decipher the cipher. Trying to find the secret rules for a magic trick is much more interesting that trying to decipher a cipher. So, I will leave you with a classic “mathemagic” trick and you as observer of this trick, try to find the secret rule governing it (but never┬áreveal it to others!!!):

Write down the year you were born and under that the year of some great event of your life (like year of graduation, the time you saved somebody…). Now write the only even prime number. Write down your age by the end of this year (i.e. 2016) and the number of years ago the great event (quoted above) took place in your life. Now add all these. I know what the total will be! Today it’s 4034.

Lecture in Dilli


Sign post for Kashmere Gate campus

Today I presented my one week work at Ambedkar University, Delhi. The title of the talk was: Enigma Cryptanalysis – Beginnings. It was my first talk outside my school/institute. It was cool experience, a boy (looking uncle) wearing pajamas, old fashion spectacles and from a small city of Haryana, speaking in front of well reputed professor and students from reputed colleges.


Tiny entry to big world

It was tiring to keep on standing and speaking for one and a half hours and then to travel by Haryana Roadways, but at the end I can say “IT WAS FUN”!